CORNEA TRANSPLANT is a surgery in which a part/whole of CORNEA is removed & replaced by healthy DONOR CORNEA. It is also called KERATOPLASTY or CORNEAL GRAFTING.
AIM : It is done to remove disease, restore vision and restore anatomical, structural integrity of the EYE.
INDICATIONS : it is done in following conditions,
1) CORNEAL ECTASIA/ KERATOCONUS
2) CORNEAL SCARRING/ OPACITY caused by Ulcer, Injury
3) PSEUDOPHAKIC BULLOUS KERATOPATHY
4)CORNEA ULCER not responding to medication
5) CORNEAL DYSTROPHIES
1) PENETRATING KERATOPLASTY (Full Thickness Transplant)
2)ANTERIOR LAMELLAR KERATOPLASTY
4) ENDOTHELIAL KERATOPLASTY (DSEK/ DSAEK)
5) ARTIFICIAL CORNEA TRANSPLANT (KERATOPROSTHESIS)
6) STEM CELL TRANSPLANT : SIMPLE (SLET), CULTURED (CLET)
Risks/ Surgery/Post operative instructions
About these details, your surgeon from our centre will talk to you before & after the surgery.
PKP (PENETRATING KERATOPLASTY)
CORNEA TRANSPLANT is the most common Transplant surgery done in the world. PKP is FULL THICKNESS CORNEA TRANSPLANT Surgery. In PKP, the whole CORNEA of the patient is replaced by a Cornea from the Donor (Cadaver).
PROCEDURE : PKP surgery is done under LOCAL or GENERAL Anaesthesia in the OT. The new CORNEA is placed with 10’0 Nylon sutures either in interrupted or Continuous fashion.
AIM : The aim may be :
1) THERAPEUTIC : to save the Eye of the patient from Severe disease like CORNEA ULCER or
2) OPTICAL : The aim is to give the patient Good Vision & is done in cases like CORNEA SCARRING, SEVERE ECTASIA/ KERATOCONUS.
RISKS : The transplant has risk like (1) INFECTION or (2) REJECTION which are managed with medical treatment when the patient reports on time with the Red flag Symptoms.
WHAT AFTER SURGERY ? : The patient has to use the prescribed ANTIBIOTICS (Topical & Oral) and ANALGESICS + ANTI-INFLAMMATORY ( for PAIN & Redness).